The ‘National Securities Market Commission’ or ‘Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores’ (CNMV), an autonomous Spanish regulatory body established in 1988 by the Securities Market Law, regulates and oversees the activities of all the firms and organizations involved in the Securities Market and relevant financial operations in Spain. The authority is held accountable by the Ministry of Economy and Finance of Spain. In 2008, the CNMV declared that its laws and provisions were to be unified with those of the European Union finance ministers (ECOFIN) to enhance the effectiveness of supervision and establish a transparent and competitive environment for all the investors in the market. However, this realignment is not achieved yet and will be enforced together with a new regulatory framework for the CNMV regarding the Financial Markets and instruments according to the MiFID II Directive and MiFIR Regulation effective from January 3, 2018. The CNMV strives to bring about a reformed and transparent Spanish Securities Market engaging in fair dealing prices, a safe and healthy market untarnished by unlawful activities, and the safety of investors’ assets and deposits. The CNMV is empowered to run monthly investigations into all the partakers of the Market including Forex and CFD brokers, broker-dealers and Collective Investment Schemes providers, securities issuers, as well as participants in the secondary securities markets concerning their risks, financial condition, liquidity, conformity with the Law, capital stock and net worth of management (for CISs), records of transactions, and their overall operational status. Moreover, through prudential supervision, the CNMV keeps the transactions safe and the solvency of the financial system in check.